Hypothesis is an assumption or a guess which we want to guess. Question is something we want to find the answer to in a research. Problem is a difficulty on an issue or aspect of teaching we are unhappy about. In any research, the researcher gathers 'data'. This concept means the information which are collected by him/her in order to be used in his/her research.
Features of research
After data gathering, we come to data analysis which means presentation of data to make it easy to be understood. In addition, data interpretation means saying what we have learnt from that data. Research can also be a device of knowledge in order to improve the understanding of different issues. It is important to follow the previous sequence of components in order to carry out a good research.
Bell, J (1993) says that when a researcher produces a new research project he will need to select a topic and identify its objectives, plan a suitable methodology and prepare suitable researching instruments. Researcher also collects, analyses and present information and finally, produces a well-written report.
Blaxter, L. et-al (1996) suggest that research is about providing pet theory. It is done by academics or experts. It is also about establishing the facts. In addition it is objective and time-consuming. They say "one of the key skills involved in choosing a topic is to be able to pick one of the right size: not too big, not too small, but do-able within the time, space and resources available".
In addition, the most important features of a good research that it must interest the researcher and it should be researchable which means easy to be researched by the researcher.
Bell, J. (1993, 2nd edition) Doing Your Research Project. Buckingham: Open University press.
Blaxter, l., Hughes, Ch & Tight, M. (1996) How to Research. Buckingham: Open University press.
Howard, K. & Sharp, J.A. (1983) The Management of Student Research Project. Aldershot: Gower.
Nunan, D. (1992) Research Methods in Language Learning. Cambridge: Cambridge.
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